The Tamil Nadu Police Force is the law enforcing agency of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is over 150 years old and is the fifth largest state police force in India. Tamil Nadu has a Police population ratio of 1 : 632.
The administrative control of Tamil Nadu Police vests with the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu who holds the portfolio of Home Minister. The supervision and coordination of Police is done by the Home Department, Govt. of Tamil Nadu. The force is headed by Mr. K. Ramanujam, IPS who is currently the Director General of Police (Law & Order). He is assisted by the Additional Director General of Police (Law & Order), currently Mr. S. George, IPS. For administrative purposes, Tamil Nadu is divided into four zones- North, South, West and Central. Each Zone is headed by one Inspector General of Police. The zones consist of Ranges and Cities headed by city police commissioners, DIGs ( Deputy Inspector General of Police) and SPs ( Superintendent of Police).
All the equipment for the TNP are manufactured indigenously by the Indian Ordnance Factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
Rifles: AK-47, Ishapore 2A1 rifle, Lee-Enfield, INSAS rifle, FN FAL.
Handguns: All Glock variants.
Weapon systems: Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli made advanced shotguns and grenade launchers.
The special units of Tamil Nadu Police perform specific functions related to security, intelligence, criminal investigations and support services. They are as follows:
Armed Police or Tamil Nadu Special Police
Civil Defence and Home Guards
Civil Supplies, CID
Coastal Security Group
Crime Branch, CID
Economic Offences Wing
Operations – T.N. Commando Force & Commando School
Prohibition Enforcement Wing
Social Justice and Human Rights
Special Branch, CID including Security
Special Task Force
The Tamil Nadu police has various distinctions and honors to its credit. It has the largest strength of women police personnel in the country, the highest number of women police stations in the country, the first women police battalion of special police, the first women Commando Force in the Country, the first established Finger Print Lab in the World, the first Integrated Modern Police Control Room in the country and has the greatest number of computers against other police departments in the Country. The table shown below details on the major crime trends in the state. It can be noted that the overall number of crimes registered has come down steadily over the years.